drunkard


drunkard
drunkard, inebriate, alcoholic, dipsomaniac, sot, soak, toper, tosspot, tippler designate one who drinks to excess.
Drunkard and inebriate suggest the habitude of intoxication but in themselves imply nothing about the causes or effects of such intoxication. Alcoholic and dipsomaniac both denote a person with defective ability to control his use of intoxicants.
In technical usage alcoholic is the usual term and often specifically distinguishes the person physically and mentally impaired by compulsive drinking; in more general and often distinctly derogatory use it may approach drunkard and inebriate but normally carries at least some suggestion of loss of control.
Dipsomaniac, once nearly coextensive with alcoholic, is now little used except to denote a person subject to periodic bouts of compulsive drinking. Sot and soak are closely comparable in implying excessive and habitual drinking.
Sot in addition suggests the dulling of faculties and degradation of habits that accompany such drinking.
Soak, on the other hand, may stress a spongelike capacity for intoxicants and even carry a hint of wry admiration; like the next two terms but unlike sot it may be used as a casual or even friendly epithet without connoting any strong disparagement. Toper, tosspot, and tippler all imply habitual drinking but carry no inherent implication of intoxication.
Toper and tosspot commonly stress the conviviality and jovialness of group drinking (as in taverns and bars) and may suggest a capacity for heavy drinking without obvious intoxication.
Tippler carries the idea of light but constant and often secret drinking.
Antonyms: teetotaler

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • Drunkard — Drunk ard, n. [Drunk + ard.] One who habitually drinks strong liquors immoderately; one whose habit it is to get drunk; a toper; a sot. [1913 Webster] The drunkard and glutton shall come to poverty. Prov. xxiii. 21. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • drunkard — One who habitually engages in the overindulgence of alcohol. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. drunkard One who habitually engages in the overindulgence of alcohol …   Law dictionary

  • drunkard — 1520s, DRONCARDE (Cf. droncarde), but probably older (attested from late 13c. as a surname, Druncard), from M.E. dronken, participial adj. from DRUNK (Cf. drunk) (q.v.) + ARD (Cf. ard) …   Etymology dictionary

  • drunkard — [druŋk′ərd] n. [ DRUNK + ARD: ? after Du dronkaard] a person who often gets drunk; inebriate …   English World dictionary

  • drunkard — /drung keuhrd/, n. a person who is habitually or frequently drunk. [1400 50; late ME; see DRUNK, ARD] Syn. toper, sot, tippler, drinker. DRUNKARD and INEBRIATE are terms for a person who drinks hard liquors habitually. DRUNKARD connotes willful… …   Universalium

  • drunkard — n. an habitual drunkard * * * [ drʌŋkəd] an habitual drunkard …   Combinatory dictionary

  • drunkard — UK [ˈdrʌŋkə(r)d] / US [ˈdrʌŋkərd] noun [countable] Word forms drunkard : singular drunkard plural drunkards someone who frequently drinks too much alcohol …   English dictionary

  • drunkard — [[t]drʌ̱ŋkə(r)d[/t]] drunkards N COUNT A drunkard is someone who frequently gets drunk …   English dictionary

  • drunkard — drunk [adj] intoxicated by alcohol bashed, befuddled, boozed up*, buzzed*, crocked*, feeling no pain*, flushed*, flying*, fuddled, glazed*, groggy, high*, inebriated, juiced*, laced*, liquored up*, lit*, lush, muddled, plastered*, potted*, seeing …   New thesaurus

  • drunkard — One who is habitually intoxicated. A common drunkard is defined by statute in some states as a person who has been convicted of drunkenness (or proved to have been drunk) a certain number of times within a limited period. Elsewhere the word… …   Black's law dictionary


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